Timetable 1999: Start of discussions between the EU and the Mercosur countries. 2009: First impact assessment on sustainable development. 2010: Negotiations resumed after a suspension of talks. Negotiations received a new impetus in 2016. 24 January 2018: The consultants published the report on the implementation of the Sustainable Development Impact Assessment (SIA), followed by stakeholder consultations. April 2018: European and international NGOs sent a joint open letter to the Commission to ensure that “the ongoing impact assessments on sustainable development and human rights of the EU-Mercosur Free Trade Agreement are conducted in a comprehensive and participatory manner and that their results are carried out before the conclusion of the negotiations, in accordance with the rules of the Commission`s Manual for the Evaluation of Sustainable Development in Trade and Article 21 of the Treaty on European Union must be taken into account. Union`: 28. June 2019: The EU and Mercosur announced a political agreement on the EU-Mercosur trade agreement, while the new AIS was still ongoing and the interim report had not even been published yet. July 2019: In a question and response, the Commission said that a “new Trade Sustainability Impact Assessment (AIS) was being prepared to assess the economic, social, environmental and human rights impact of an EU-Mercosur trade agreement. An independent contractor shall conduct the study. » 15 July 2019: Organisation by the Commission of a civil society dialogue to inform civil society organisations of the progress of the work and to exchange views on this subject.
3 October 2019: publication of the ASA`s interim draft (the “draft interim report”) followed by a stakeholder consultation. November 2019: Civil society contributions to the “draft interim report” (contribution of the Institut Veblen and the FNH) 9 February 2020: publication of the final interim report (the interim report), with an evaluation similar to that of the draft interim report. At a ministerial meeting held in Lisbon in October 2004, MERCOSUR and EU negotiators reaffirmed the priority of negotiating the Association Agreement. In May 2005, at a meeting in Luxembourg, ministers reviewed the progress made so far and met at a ministerial meeting in September 2005 to carry out a more in-depth assessment of the progress made towards the conclusion of the agreement. On the EU`s trade agreement with Mercosur With more than 260 million consumers and an annual GDP of €2.2 trillion, Mercosur is the fifth largest economy outside the EU. If the process is successful, the trade agreement will be the largest the EU has concluded for the affected population (780 million people) and one of the largest in terms of the volume of trade covered (€40-45 billion in imports and exports). The agreement aims to promote the exports of European companies in the automotive, chemical, pharmaceutical and clothing sectors and to offer them better access to public procurement markets in the Mercosur countries. In return, companies established in Mercosur, particularly in the agri-food industry, would benefit from greater outlets on the European market for their production, including beef, poultry, sugar/ethanol, etc. On 28 June 6, 2019, the EU and Mercosur reached a political agreement, days after more than 340 social movements from both sides, led by the new far-right President Jair Bolsonaro, called for a halt to negotiations due to the deterioration of human rights and the environment in Brazil. The free trade agreement between the European Union and Mercosur is a free trade agreement on which the EU and Mercosur agreed in principle in 2019.  The agreement was announced on 28 June at the G20 summit in Osaka in 2019, after twenty years of negotiations.   Although there is a consensus in principle, the final texts have not been finalised, signed or ratified and therefore have not entered into force.
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