Conditions for products with tariffs or duty-free tariffs under preferential regimes: the U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement provides for a reduction in tariffs on certain products originating in the United States and Chile and traded between the United States and Chile. The Chilean importer is required to apply for preferential treatment for a particular transfer at the time of customs clearance. (Under the U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement, the ultimate responsibility for the validity of the right rests with the importer and not with the exporter as presented under NAFTA. To qualify for the preferential duty rate, the importer must provide a written declaration to Chilean customs, which may or may not take the form of a certificate of origin. The U.S.-Colombia Free Trade Agreement came into force on May 15, 2012. On the day of implementation, more than 80% of U.S. industrial goods exports to Colombia were exempt from tariffs, including agricultural and construction machinery, construction products, aircraft and parts, fertilizers, computer equipment, medical and scientific equipment and wood. Canada has free trade agreements with more than 40 countries and 14 free trade agreements. With the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the Canada-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) created the largest free trade region in the world. Trade agreements or FREI declarations should only be issued if your property is qualified for the ESTV. Not all free trade agreements require specific forms. There is a special NAFTA certificate (CBP 434) for qualifying shipments to Canada and Mexico. Many other FTA partners may accept declarative statements containing certain pieces of data, including information on how the product is qualified for free trade technology.
However, importers may continue to ask exporters to use a particular format. If the form/format is optional, the information is necessary to allow the importer to benefit from preferential tariff treatment. Always contact your buyer and forward/transiter about the required documentation. Detailed FTA certification requirements for preferential tariff treatment under the free trade agreement are generally included in their “Rules of Origin” (ROO) chapter. There are three ways to find the specific roo chapter for a specific FTA partner, read the “Where to Find Your Rules of Origin” section in the article “FTA Rules of Origin.” In Canada, there are 18 customs treatments, all of which are represented by a code on the B3 customs coding form. Sixteen of the customs salaries lower or abolish the tariff normally owed on imported goods as a result of a free trade agreement or other preferential treatment granted by Canada to recipient countries. Most countries accept a general certificate of origin containing information about the exporter and importer, the description and harmonized code of goods, and the country of origin. These certificates are usually issued by the exporter and certified by the local Chamber of Commerce. Find the certificate of origin export form you need to complete your shipment.